Clover (Trifolium) is in the legume family. They are annual, biennial or perennial plants. The plants can covert nitrogen gas into nitrate. When the plant dies the nitrate goes into the soil and is used by other plants. Clover is high protein forage and is also high in all the nutrients that provide high quality feed.
White Clover is a popular legume grown for forage and wildlife feed and its soil improving nitrogen fixation, a perennial plant that is widely grown in the USA. In some conditions plants often live for several years. Ladino white clover types are usually the most productive. Intermediate white clover types are more persistent, but usually are less productive. White clover is a good choice for some pastures because of its tolerance for close grazing but is less suited for haying. White clover prefers soils with good moisture holding ability.
Seminole Ladino Clover - Seminole Ladino Clover is a very aggressive, high yielding Ladino white clover. It has thick runners and establishes very well and competes well even when it is interseeded into existing pastures. It has excellent re-growth even when under intensive grazing pressures.
Cashmere White Clover -
Mihi is a winter annual clover with excellent mid-spring to summer growing activity. Very palatable (even the large stems are sweet) and quite soft. Will grow on lower pH soils than some other legumes and can withstand some standing water. It is high in protein and even when it becomes very mature protein can still be in the high teens. Therefore, Mihi makes an excellent forage for stockpiling.
Red Clover has good seedling vigor and has a larger seed than white clover. In many areas red clover plants can live for two years but in the lower Southern USA it often acts like an annual. It is often grazed but is suited for hay conditions. Red clover requires good soil moisture but is not as tolerant of wet conditions as white clover.
Crimson Clover is a dependable annual clover that has larger seed. Crimson clover makes good growth during cool weather and is early maturing. It is often used a a winter cover and/or green manure crop. This clover should be planted on well drained soils.
Sub clover is a dense, low-growing annual suited to areas having mild winters. It makes most of its growth in spring. Sub clover is less productive than Arrowleaf or Crimson Clover. Sub clover is more tolerant of low fertility and shade than most clovers and is adapted to medium and heavy soil with good moisture holding capacity. Sub clover is excellent for producing nitrogen, not much bulk to deal with, and also excellent for early spring grazing.